The Need for Mold Inspection in Homes and Buildings
The presence of molds inside an enclosure may greatly affect the air quality inside the enclosed space in the sense that molds, that are of airborne spore species, are a common allergen and may induce sneezing, runny nose, cough, eye irritation, upper respiratory irritation, and, in severe reactions, asthma attack, to people who are likely allergic to molds. Water leaking constantly in a building and has not been given immediate remedial action for a long period of time may result into dampness in the indoor environment and the existence of mold growth. Molds exist to contribute to the natural habitat of decomposing dead matters, that is why they can pose a serious adverse effect inside a building environment, when they are found existing, as they are likely to decompose any wood, porous materials in the building, including drywalls and carpets.
Mold inspection is a necessary building maintenance procedure to evaluate on the following objectives: check if the building has the presence of molds; identify the kind of mold species inside a building establishment; locate where the mold population is growing; test for the indoor air quality by scientifically measuring the amount of mold spores present in the air; and post-check if molds have been completely removed inside a building.
Mold inspection observes these five steps: interview of occupants or building maintenance caretaker, visual inspection, sampling, sampling analysis, and reporting.
Common issues inquired through the interview by the mold inspector are on these topics: humidity inside the building, mold smell, any possible roof or plumbing leaks, or detected mold presence inside the building.
When the inspector receives a positive reporting from the owner or caretaker of mold presence, he performs a visual inspection into the spot areas where there is likely water penetration or evidence of a mold habitat existing, using tools like moisture meters for detecting moisture, hydrometers for measuring the humidity, borescopes for viewing sections of walls, or laser thermometers for checking on the surface temperatures, as well as digital photographs, if the mold presence is detected.
Most important in the course of the inspection is taking air samples, outdoor and indoor, using a special sampling device that can collect mold spores of which the amount of spores collected will determine if air quality inside the building has been greatly affected.
A special laboratory analyst handles the given air samples by determining the number of mold spores present per cubic meter of air and, at the same time, analysing the kind of mold specie found in the building.
The last segment in the mold inspection is a documented summary report which consists of the following: photos of the mold presence and its specific locations, population level of mold spores in the air inside the building, the specific mold found, the inspector's conclusions and strong recommendations in stepping up measures to prevent mold growth, as well as its elimination.
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